A new UN report has found that Latin America is the only region of the world where global homicide rates reported increased between 2000 and 2010, with violence indexes reflecting changes in drug traffic and the crime world in the region.
Latin America and the Caribbean saw over one million homicide victims during the decade, according to UN’s 2013-2014 Regional Human Development Report (http://bit.ly/1k748dp) published on November 12, 2013. While murder rates in other regions decreased by up to 50 percent, in Latin America they increased 12%.
Colombia, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Venezuela reported murder rates of over 30 per 100,000 inhabitants in the latest year with available statistics, while Mexico, Brazil, Panama, Ecuador, Paraguay and the Dominican Republic reported rates over 10 per 100,000.
Murder rates in many Latin American countries stabilized or reported slight reduction between 2005 and 2011, but some atypical cases experienced an overall increase. Honduras’ murder rate increased abruptly, from a significant 50 per 100,000 in 2005 to 86 per 100,000 in 2011, according to a UN representative; while El Salvador’s homicide rate ranged between 50 and 75 during the same period, before dropping abruptly in 2012. Murder rates also increased in Mexico, Panama, Argentina and Bolivia during large part of the same period.
According to specialists, the increase in Latin America’s murder rate is inextricably related to organized crime and drug traffic.