In South America, while countries such as Uruguay, Argentina and Chile have maintained homicide levels as low as Europe’s, Colombia (30.8), Venezuela (53.7) and Brazil (25.2) are still under the looking glass.
The case of Venezuela is the most interesting for the United Nations, as it is the only country in South America which the murder rate has been increasing over the past few years.
While in 60 years Colombia had its peak murder rates between 1991 and 1993 recording 90 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants, these numbers have been decreasing since 2001. Venezuela’s case is different, as it matched Colombia’s murder rate in 2005 and today reports a much higher number.
The comparison between Colombia and Venezuela can also be made for their capital cities. While Bogota, home to 8 million people, has a current murder rate of 17 cases per 100,000 inhabitants, Caracas, with 2 million residents has a homicide rate of 122.
Source: El Tiempo