The child is born with a perception of good and evil

????????????????????????????????????????????????Paul Bloom, Psychology professor of Yale University (EE.UU.), Karen Wynn and Kiley Hamlin, both from said university’s Child Cognition Lab, carried out a deep study of the ability for moral valuation among the children between six and ten months old. The conclusion was that, at that age, children can distinguish between good and bad people, feeling attracted by the former and rejecting the latter.

The team of researchers from Yale recently published a book in which it is concluded that babies are not morally indifferent but that they tend to smile and clap in front of things they consider beautiful and good, while they turn their heads and make faces in front of things they consider as bad or ugly. For scientists, children are born with an instinct that allows them to distinguish good from evil, beauty from ugliness.

As a result of the above, the moral is not a result from the environmental, cultural, social or religious conditioning but something that derives from human nature itself.

On the other hand, this research must serve as a warning for the parents over the delicate mission that means educating their children, even since their infants.

Source: Acción Familia

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El niño nace con la percepción del bien y el mal

????????????????????????????????????????????????Paul Bloom, profesor de psicología de la Universidad de Yale (EE.UU.), Karen Wynn y Kiley Hamlin, del Laboratorio de Cognición Infantil de esa universidad, estudiaron profundamente la capacidad de valoración moral en los niños entre seis y diez meses de edad. Llegaron a la conclusión de que, ya a esa edad, los niños distinguen entre las personas buenas y malas, manifestando atracción por las primeras y rechazo por las segundas.

El equipo de investigadores de Yale publicó recientemente un libro en el cual se concluye que los bebés no son moralmente indiferentes sino que tienden a sonreír y aplaudir delante de las cosas buenas y bellas, y hacer muecas y volver la cabeza frente a cosas malas o feas. Para los científicos, los niños nacen con un instinto que les permite discernir instintivamente el bien y el mal, lo bello y lo feo.

En consecuencia, la moral no es de ninguna manera un fruto del condicionamiento ambiental, cultural, social o religioso, sino algo que deriva de la misma naturaleza humana.

Por otra parte, esta investigación debe servir de advertencia a los padres sobre la delicada misión que les incumbe de educar a sus hijos, aún desde la más tierna infancia.

Fuente: Acción Familia

Teachers would stop bullying with surveillance

?????????During the psychological wellbeing workshops that took place in Universidad Catolica Andres Bello (UCAB), teachers, psychologists and specialist in social networks and laws spoke about the phenomenon that affects students and those results in moral, emotional and physical damages that require attention and care from experts.

The clinical psychologist and specialist in orientation and family-school bond, Geraldine Morillo, asked parents, representatives, authorities and the different groups that make up the community to work together. She explained the audience about the need to stop bullying through active vigilance.

The psychologist suggested teachers to carry on watching shifts to keep students under surveillance in all the school areas including, restrooms, courts, cafeterias, school buses, backyards and halls, a suggestion that was supported by the audience. She also stated that teachers must write coexistence manuals, diagnose the types of harassments with its characteristics, involve parents and penalize that kind of behavior in order to keep away from being allowing or blind towards it.

She reminded the audience that in every harassment case there is a victim, a victimizer and spectators, and she pointed out that, in the majority of the cases, both the victim and the victimizer learned the behavior in their homes. To take students complaints seriously and to talk separately with all the parties involved in a case, calling the parents to be aware of the situation and to assist in its corresponding solution.

Source: UN

Maestros frenarían el bullying con vigilancia

?????????Durante las jornadas de bienestar psicológico en la Universidad Católica Andrés Bello (UCAB), maestros, psicólogos y especialistas en redes sociales y leyes hablaron sobre este fenómeno que afecta a la población estudiantil y que conlleva a daños morales, emocionales y físicos, que requieren de la atención de expertos.

Trabajar en conjunto padres, representantes, autoridades y los diferentes grupos que conforman la comunidad, fue la petición que la psicóloga clínica y especialista en orientación y vínculo familia-colegio Geraldine Morillo, quien explicó a los presentes la necesidad de frenar el bullying con vigilancia activa.

Sugirió que los maestros deben realizar guardias rotativas para mantener vigilados a los alumnos en todos los espacios, incluyendo baños, canchas deportivas, comedores, transportes escolares, patios y pasillos, lo cual fue apoyado por el auditorio. Precisó también que los maestros deben elaborar manuales de convivencia, levantar el diagnóstico de los acosos con sus características, hacer partícipes a los padres y sancionar, para no ser permisivos o ciegos ante esas conductas.

Recordó que en todo acoso hay víctima, victimario y espectadores, y señaló que en la mayoría de los casos tanto la víctima como el agresor aprendieron la conducta en sus hogares. Tomar en serio las denuncias de los estudiantes y conversar por separado con los actores del acoso, llamando a los padres para que estén al tanto y colaboren en la solución de la situación.

Fuente: UN

Android picture and video kidnapping malware found

smartphones2-700x400Security expert Robert Lipovsky, of the antivirus firm Eset, has located a Trojan called Simple Shocker. This dangerous malware blocks infected users’ mobile devices, cyphering their pictures, documents and other contents and requesting money to perform a system restore.

So far, the main victims have been in Eastern Europe, in countries such as Ukraine, where users are being asked an amount equivalent to 21 USD to unlock their devices, something that would occur 24 hours after the transaction has been completed.

Source: Alta Densidad

Descubren malware para Android que secuestra fotos y videos

smartphones2-700x400El experto en seguridad Robert Lipovsky, de la empresa de antivirus Eset, ha localizado un troyano bautizado como Simple Shocker. Este peligroso malware se encarga de bloquear los teléfonos móviles de los usuarios infectados, cifrando sus fotografías, vídeos, documentos y otros contenidos, reclamando además el pago de dinero para restaurar el sistema a su estado anterior.

Hasta ahora las principales víctimas han sido de Europa del Este, en países como Ukrania, donde se exige a los usuarios afectados el pago de una cantidad equivalente a 21 dólares para desbloquear el dispositivo móvil, algo que se producirá a las 24 horas de que se haya completado la transacción.

Fuente: Alta Densidad

The growth of theft and robbery in Venezuela

robo a mano armadaWithin the crime wave currently affecting Venezuela, theft and robbery, in their different modalities, have increased exponentially. Every day, at any time, criminals are going for people’s personal belongings all over the nation. This situation keeps residents in constant anxiety.

Emboldened criminals commit theft and robberies in the weirdest places (movie theaters, airports, hospitals, educative centers, stadiums and even at church during service) every day. Their target goods are quite diverse, going from cash money, motorcycles, cars and mobile phones to grocery bags (the general crisis and shortage of products makes this increasingly frequent), among many others.

Homicides, due to their gravity, cause great alarm in the society, but theft and robbery occur much more frequently. The Ministry of Internal Affairs and Justice stopped publishing specific data many years ago, but the latest Victimization and Citizen Safety Perception Survey carried out in 2009 by the National Institute of Statistics (INE) indicated that nearly 1,000,000 robberies and over 400,000 thefts occur in Venezuela each year. Robbery and theft together encompass 80% of the crimes committed in Venezuela.

The INE survey also indicated that Venezuelans aren’t used to report these crimes against property, so the black numbers are quite high. In the case of robbery, 68.72% didn’t go to the authorities to notify the crime. As to theft, the number reached 77.82%. Most respondents said they didn’t report the cases because the authorities “wouldn’t do anything with them”.

Source: El Universal