International organized crime generates nearly US$870,000,000,000 per year, six times more than the world spends in aid of development and the equivalent to 7% the world’s exports or 1.5% the world’s GDP. This is an estimate made by the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), published in Vienna during a conference on the fight against organized crime.
The most profitable illegal businesses are drug traffic and counterfeit products, followed by other activities such as human traffic, illegal gun dealing and environmental crimes such as illegal elephant teeth and noble Wood trade.
If the product of organized crime were a nations’ GDP, that nation would be one of the world’s top 20 economies, equivalent to the wealth produced by Holland, said the executive director of UNODC.
These crimes generate activities such as money laundering and support violence, corruption and, in some cases, extremism. Organized crime is a serious problem for the stability and development of entire regions.
With the start of the summer break, reports of kidnapped minors began to increase. In only six days, unofficial reports issued by the judicial police (CICPC) and the National Guard (GN) indicate that at least 28 minors were kidnapped nationwide. There were reports in Caracas, Miranda, Aragua and Anzoátegui. In some cases, the victims are still in captivity.
This number is equivalent to 20% of the overall total known to CICPC and GN. In 2012, minors represented 11.5% of the total kidnapping cases, and 12.8% in 2013.
This year there have been cases reported involving kids under four in Zulia, Trujillo and Capital District. According to police sources, one of the factors affecting the increase of kidnappings is the regrouping of three large gangs that were “hit” by the police in the first four months of the year. Currently they’re operating in neighborhoods of the Sucre municipality and in the Cafetal-Los Naranjos axle.
Source: El Nacional
The Bolivarian National Guard Anti-extortion and Kidnapping Commando (CONAS – GNB) has made some recommendations to avoid becoming a victim of extortion or kidnapping. Here are the ten most important tips:
- Don’t give your financial information to friends or relatives.
- Don’t use relationships to identify relatives in your mobile device, use their names.
- Never expose personal information on social networks, use security settings.
- Avoid entering information in shared computers, especially in internet cafes.
- Guide your family so they are not naïve informants by avoiding talking about their recreational activities or the goods they own.
- Don’t frequent the same public places.
- Try not to brag about what you have; proving you’re wealthy will only catch the attention of unscrupulous people.
- Change your routes to work or back home to prevent kidnapping or extortion.
- Stay alert on the road, at Banks and nightlife establishments.
- If you become a victim of extortion or kidnapping, report to the a
Source: CONAS – GNB
Approximately 110 kidnappings with 100 victims captive have been reported as of June nationwide, according to unofficial numbers.
The number represents one third of the kidnappings reported as of November of 2013, for a reduction of the crime’s incidence. Caracas reports the highest number of kidnapping cases with 29, followed by the states of Miranda with 17, Carabobo with 7, Zulia, Anzoátegui and Aragua with 5 each. These statistics do not include the month of July.
Of the victims, 30 were rescued by CICPC and 2 other security bodies. Police pressure led to the release of another 39 and 25 were freed after the ransoms were paid. The report indicates 3 people managed to escape their kidnappers and one died in captivity.
Source: El Nacional
According to a renowned Venezuelan criminologist, Boyacá Avenue, better known as Cota Mil “is infected with kidnapping bell-ringers”.
In his opinion, and according to a criminality study carried out this year, Cota Mil is the preferred route for criminals to escape and target their victims, when it comes to kidnapping.
He explains that the interchanges of El Marqués, Los Palos Grandes, Altamira, La Castellana and La Florida are the points of operation of armed criminal groups. It is much easier for them to move around well into the night because traffic is almost inexistent, besides the lack of police presence.
A way of knowing or detecting an irregular situation, says the criminologist, is to observe the presence of vehicles driving slow with emergency lights on. Most of the times it’s not a mechanical issue with the vehicle or an emergency, but a modus operandi used by kidnapping gangs to mark their victims.
Source: El Universal
Special units of the Scientific, Penal and Criminal Investigations’ Corps (CICPC) and the National Bolivarian Guard (GNB) have received information about the abduction of at least 23 victims throughout the nation.
Not all cases are formally reported to the authorities, so this number is equivalent to about 34.3% of the total number of victims reported throughout the year.
As of March 15 of 2014, kidnapping seemed to be under control in Venezuela, but after the second fortnight of March and as of April 22, the situation has changed.
Known cases this year indicate captivity periods are tending to increase. Gangs are getting more and more organized and have better logistics, and migrate from express kidnapping to conventional kidnapping, lasting more than one day, according to current legal standards.
A third of the kidnappings reported this year would fall into the category of conventional. Eight of them have lasted more than one week. The list includes the renowned case of Globovision’s chief of correspondent reporters.
During the month of March, Barlovento was once more used to capture and hide kidnaped victims. As of last Wednesday, law enforcement bodies reported three captive victims in the area.
Source: Noticiero Digital
According to CICPC’S latest statistics, December 15 of 2013 closed with fewer reported kidnapping cases than 2012, when CICPC processed 562 cases nationwide, for a 180-case reduction.
According to a well-known Venezuelan criminologist, it is necessary to know the consolidated statistics of the nation’s criminal investigation police and the anti-extortion and kidnaping group (GAES) so that, based on such numbers, it is possible to make an estimate of the number of cases not reported by kidnapping victims.
The best way to obtain reliable results is to carry out studies such as the National Victimization Survey prepared in 2009 by the Vice President’s Office and the National Institute of Statistics (INE), which offered real numbers on Venezuela’s crime situation, he stated.
The expert believes it is necessary to implement a campaign to promote the rescuing of Venezuelan residents’ trust in State institutions because, in his opinion, only then will people feel confident enough to file reports.
Source: El Universal